您所在的位置: 中公考研 > 考研英語 > 模擬試題 > 正文

2020考研英語閱讀沖刺模擬及答案(1)

來源:中公考研 | 更新時間:2019-10-29 16:29:33

  臨近考試很多同學都開始了緊張有序的考研試題刷題和學習任務,如何能夠更好地做好英語閱讀呢?今天中公考研小編分享“2020考研英語閱讀沖刺模擬及答案(1)”,希望能給備戰2020考研考生提供幫助。

  Bernard Bailyn has recently reinterpreted the early history of the United States by applying new social research findings on the experiences of European migrants. In his reinterpretation,migration becomes the organizing principle for rewriting the history of preindustrial North America. His approach rests on four separate propositions.

  The first of these asserts that residents of early modern England moved regularly about their countryside migrating to the New World was simply a natural spillover. Although at first the colonies held little positive attraction for the English &mdash they would rather have stayed home &mdash by the eighteenth century people increasingly migrated to America because they regarded it as the land of opportunity. Secondly,Bailyn holds that,contrary to the notion that used to flourish in America history textbooks,there was never a typical New World community. For example,the economic and demographic character of early New England towns varied considerably.

  Bailyn's third proposition suggest two general patterns prevailing among the many thousands of migrants:one group came as indentured servants,another came to acquire land. Surprisingly,Bailyn suggests that those who recruited indentured servants were the driving forces of transatlantic migration. These colonial entrepreneurs helped determine the social character of people who came to preindustrial North America. At first,thousands of unskilled laborers were recruited by the 1730's,however,American employers demanded skilled artisans.

  Finally,Bailyn argues that the colonies were a half-civilized hinterland of the European culture system. He is undoubtedly correct to insist that the colonies were part of an Anglo-American empire. But to divide the empire into English core and colonial periphery,as Bailyn does,devalues the achievements of colonial culture. It is true,as Bailyn claims,that high culture in the colonies never matched that in England. But what of seventeenth-century New England,where the settlers created effective laws,built a distinguished university,and published books? Bailyn might respond that New England was exceptional. However,the ideas and institutions developed by New England Puritans had powerful effects on North American culture.

  Although Bailyn goes on to apply his approach to some thousands of indentured servants who migrated just prior to the revolution,he fails to link their experience with the political development of the United States. Evidence presented in his work suggests how we might make such a connection. These indentured servants were treated as slaves for the period during which they had sold their time to American employers. It is not surprising that as soon as they served their time they passed up good wages in the cities and headed west to ensure their personal independence by acquiring land. Thus, it is in the west that a peculiarly American political culture began,among colonists who were suspicious of authority and intensely anti-aristocratic.

  Which of the following statements about migrants to colonial North America is supported by information in the text?

  [A] A larger percentage of migrants to colonial North America came as indentured servants than as free agents interested in acquiring land.

  [B] Migrants who came to the colonies as indentured servants were more successful at making a livelihood than were farmers and artisans.

  [C] Migrants to colonial North America were more successful at acquiring their own land during the eighteenth century than during the seventeenth century.

  [D] By the 1730's,migrants already skilled in a trade were in more demand by American employers than were unskilled laborers.

  The author of the text states that Bailyn failed to

  [A] give sufficient emphasis to the cultural and political interdependence of the colonies and England.

  [B] describe carefully how migrants of different ethnic backgrounds preserved their culture in the United States.

  [C] take advantage of social research on the experiences of colonists who migrated to colonial North America specifically to acquire land.

  [D] relate the experience of the migrants to the political values that eventually shaped the character of the United States.

  Which of the following best summarizes the author's evaluation of Bailyn's fourth proposition?

  [A] It is totally implausible.

  [B] It is partially acceptable.

  [C] It is highly admirable.

  [D] It is controversial though persuasive.

  According to the text,Bailyn and the author agree on which of the following statements about the culture of colonial New England?

  [A] High culture in New England never equaled the high culture of England.

  [B] The cultural achievements of colonial New England have generally been unrecognized by historians.

  [C] The colonists imitated the high culture of England, and did not develop a culture that was uniquely their own.

  [D] The southern colonies were greatly influenced by the high culture of New England.

  The author of the text would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about Bailyn's work?

  [A] Bailyn underestimates the effects of Puritan thought on North American culture.

  [B] Bailyn overemphasizes the economic dependence of the colonies on Great Britain.

  [C] Bailyn's description of the colonies as part of an Anglo-American empire is misleading and incorrect.

  [D] Bailyn failed to test his propositions on a specific group of migrants to colonial North America.

免責聲明:本站所提供的內容均來源于網友提供或網絡搜集,由本站編輯整理,僅供個人研究、交流學習使用,不涉及商業盈利目的。如涉及版權問題,請聯系本站管理員予以更改或刪除。

【責任編輯:趙白雪】

中公考研課堂

  • 公共課
  • 學術碩士
  • 專業碩士
課程系列 班次名稱 價格 免費試聽
考研政治網絡課堂 2020考研政治精講班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
考研英語網絡課堂 2020考研英語一精講班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
2020考研英語二精講班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
考研數學網絡課堂 2020考研數學一精講班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
2020考研數學二精講班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
2020考研數學三精講班 ¥980.00 免費試聽
考研管綜網絡課堂 2020考研管理類綜合精講班 ¥1580.00 免費試聽
聯報精講VIP班 2020考研政治+英語一聯報精講VIP班 ¥1560.00 免費試聽
2020考研政治+英語二聯報精講VIP班 ¥1560.00 免費試聽
2020考研英語二+管綜聯報精講VIP班 ¥2160.00 免費試聽
  2020考研沖刺集訓營

沖刺集訓營考前特訓,五大集訓特色助力考生備考;精講重要考點,精煉答題技巧,實戰模考演練,臨考重要模擬 GO>

  2021考研樂學周末班

在考研站臺前的你是否仍然在猶豫?2021考研人數或將有更大限度突破,如果你工作與考研難以兼顧,中公樂學面授給你楊帆起航的勇氣 GO>

面授課程

|

網校課程

考研題庫

  • 英語題庫
  • 政治題庫
  • 數學題庫
  • 專業課題庫

英語一: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

英語二: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

政 治: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

單選題: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

多選題: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

分析題: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

數學一: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

數學二: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

數學三: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

心理學: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2014 2013

教育學: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2014 2013

管理類: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

經濟類: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014

西 醫: 2016 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009

報考信息

備考指導

 

 

中公考研名師指導: 擇校擇專業 跨專業報考 1V1專業解答

2014现金棋牌游戏平台
二十一点赢钱概率 广东快乐十分总和龙虎 内蒙古福彩快三玩法 最新通比牛牛现金版 4056棋牌游戏中心官方 湖北十一选五开奖结果历史开奖结果 3d单选全复式 安徽快三走势图今天 贵州茅台股票分析报告 pk10赛车玩法介绍 赌色子大小技巧 河南快3走势图今天